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上海初二英语期末考试复习资料知识点

2018-01-03 09:06:35  来源:网络整理

  上海初二英语期末考试复习资料知识点!期末考试马上就要开始了,大家正在紧张的复习,同学们复习时要抓住各科的知识点。下面是小编特意为大家整理的上海初二英语期末考试复习资料知识点,供大家参考使用。

 

上海初二期末考试各科复习资料与知识点汇总


  Unit 1 Where did you go on vacation?

  本单元的话题:谈论假期活动内容,复习一般过去时。

  本单元的语法:1.复习一般过去时;2.学习不定代词和不定副词的用法。

  2.不定代词和不定副词的用法:

  (1)左边的some、any、every、no与右边的body、one、thing构成不定代词,some、any、every、no与右边的疑问副词where构成不定副词;

  (2)一般情况下以some开头的不定代词和不定副词用于肯定句,以any开头的不定代词和不定副词用于否定句、疑问句;以no开头的不定代词和不定副词表示否定含义(no one为两个单词);

  (3)不定代词或不定副词和形容词连用时,形容词放在后面。

  He has something important to do.他有重要的事情要做。(肯定句用something,形容词important放后)

  Did you buy anything special? (一般疑问句用anything,形容词special放后)

  Did you go anywhere interesting last month?上个月你去令人感兴趣的地方了吗?

  (一般疑问句用不定副词anywhere,形容词interesting放后)

  (4)不定代词和不定副词做主语时,后面的动词用单数形式。Everone is here today.今天每个人都在这里。

  本单元的短语和知识点:

  1. go on vacation去度假 go to the mountains 上山/进山

  2.stay at home呆在家go to the beach去海滩 visit museums 参观博物馆 go to summer camp去参观夏令营 3. study for tests为考试而学习\备考 go out出去

  4. quite a few相当多,不少(后跟可数名词复数)take photos照相 most of the time大部分时间 5.buy sth for sb = buy sb sth为某人买某物 6. taste good. 尝起来很好

  taste(尝起来)、look(看起来)、sound(听起来)为感官动词,后跟形容词

  7.have a good\great\fun time过得高兴,玩得愉快(=enjoy oneself) 8. go shopping去购物 9. nothing…but+动词原形:除了……之外什么都没有

  He had nothing to do at home but read yesterday.昨天他在家除了读书无事可做。

  10. seem to do sth:好像… I seem to know him.我好像认识他。

  seem+(to be)+形容词:看起来…The work seems(to be)easy.这工作看起来很容易。

  11.keep a diary记日记

  12. in+大地方:达到某地 (get to +地方:达到某地)

  arrive at+小地方:达到某地 (get的过去式为got)

  若是arrive和get后跟home、there、here三个地点副词,后面的介词in\at\to必须去掉。

  Tom got home yesterday evening=Tom arrived home yesterday evening.昨晚汤姆到家。

  13.decide to do sth:决定做某事 14. try doing sth.尝试做某事try to do sth.尽力去做某事

  15. feel like给…的感觉;感受到 16. in the past 在过去 walk around四处走走

  enjoy doing sth:喜欢做某事 difference(名词,差异,差别)---- different(形容词,不同的)

  18.start doing sth:开始做某事 (= start to do sth)

  19.19.over an hour一个多小时 (over超过,多余 = more than)

  20. too many 太多,后接可数名词复数。 too much 太多,后跟不可数名词,修饰动词作状语。

  much too 太,后跟形容词或副词 , 分辨三者的口诀: too much, much too, 用法区别看后头:much 后接不可数,too 后修饰形或副。too many 要记住,后面名词必复数。

  21. because of 因为,后接名词、代词或动名词(即动词+ing),不能接句子。

  because因为,后跟句子。

  He was late for school because of getting up late.他因为起晚而上学迟到。(get为动词)

  = He was late for school because he got up late.

  22. enough(足够的)与名词连用,一般放在名词前He has enough money .

  23. enough(足够的)与形容词或副词连用,enough放在后面。He is old enough to go to school.

  24. doing sth.忘记已经做过某事(已经做完)

  Forget to do sth.忘记去做某事(还未做)(forget的过去式为forgot)

  25. so+形容词+that+句子:如此…以至于…

  too+形容词+to do sth:太…以至于不能…

  形容词+enough to do sth:足够…能够做某事(注意三个句型有时可以互换)

  He is so young that he can′t go to school.= He is too young to go to school.

  = He isn′t old enough to go to school.

  Unit 2 How often do you exercise?

  本单元的话题:谈论生活习惯,复习一般现在时。

  本单元的语法:1.复习一般现在时;2.学习表示频率副词的用法。

  主要频率副词的等级排序:always(总是) > usually (通常) > often(经常) > sometimes(有时) > hardly ever(很少) > never(从不)

  这些副词在句子中的位置,一般放在助动词、be动词或情态动词之后,行为动词之前。即:“行”前“助(系)”后。 Peter is always late for school. Peter上学总是迟到。

  I usually do my homework in the evening. 我通常在晚上做作业。

  提问 always, sometimes, twice a day 等频率副词,用 How often

  I watch TV every day.我每天都看电视→How often do you watch TV?(你多长时间看一次电视?)

  本单元的短语和知识点:

  1.on weekends在周末 go to the movies去看电影 help with housework帮助做家务 how often多久一次 hardly ever几乎从不

  2.once a week每周一次 twice a week每周两次 every day每天 use the Internet用互联网

  be free有空 Are you free on weekends?你周末有空吗?

  4.stay up late熬夜at least至少go to bed early早点睡觉play sports进行体育活动

  5.after school 放学后 6.want sth:需要某物 He wants a new pen.他想要一支新钢笔。

  want to do sth:想做某事 He wants to watch TV after school.放学后他想去看电视。

  want sb to do sth:让某人做某事 My mother wants me get up early.妈妈让我早起。

  7.be good for对……有好处 be bad for 对……有害处

  8. play computer games打电子游戏 go camping去野营 9.ask sb about sth:问某人某事 My parents often ask me about my study.我的父母经常问我的学习情况。

  10. in one’s spare time在某人业余时间He studies English in his spare time.11.(P13,2b)”数字+percent of+名词”做主语时,后面的单词取决于名词的情况。若名词为复数,后面的动词用复数形式;若名词为单数或不可数名词,后面的动词用单数形式。

  In our class ,twenty of students are boys. Thirty of water is dirty.

  12.not…at all:一点儿也不 (not构成否定句)I don’t like the movie at all.

  13.go online上网=surf the Internet 14.the answer to+名词:…的答案

  16.the (best) way to do sth: 做某事的(最好)方式

  The best way to learn English is speaking English.学习英语的最好方法是说英语.

  17.such as比如 (后跟名词或名词短语)for example 例如(后跟句子)

  He likes fruits,such as apples,bananas and so on.他喜欢水果,例如苹果、香蕉等。

  He has some good ways to study English,for example ,he often listens to tapes.

  19.more than (=over)超过,多余 go to the dentist去看牙医

  Unit 3 I'm more outgoing than my sister.

  本单元的话题:谈论事物对比,学习形容词比较级。

  本单元的语法:学习形容词比较级。(语法:见课本第113页至115页)

  本单元的短语和知识点:

  1.play+the +乐器 play the drums打鼓 比较play +球类 play basketball打篮球

  both…and…两者都(后面的动词用复数形式) Both Tom and Jim are students.

  3.be good at+名词\代词\V ing:擅长,在某方面做得好

  7.be like:像… The books are like friends.书像朋友。

  8.make friends (with sb):(和某人)交朋友 enjoy doing sth:喜欢做某事

  9.be different from与…不同 My brother is different from me.我弟弟与我不一样。

  10.help sb to (do) sth:帮助某人做某事

  常与help sb with sth(在某方面帮助某人)互换 He often helps me (to) learn English.他经常帮助我学习英语。= He often helps me with my English.他经常在英语方面帮助我。

  help (to) do sth:帮助做某事He often helps( to)cook at home.他经常在家帮助做饭。

  13.be good with sb:与某人相处很好 14.information (n.消息,信息)不可数名词

  Unit 4 What's the best movie theater?

  本单元的话题:谈论事物对比, 学习形容词和副词的最高级。

  本单元的语法:学习形容词和副词的最高级。

  本单元的短语和知识点:

  1.welcome to+地点:欢迎来到某地 Welcome to our school.欢迎来我校。

  2.What do you think of sth?=How dou you like sth?你认为...怎么样?

  3.watch sb do sth:看见某人做了某事(= see sb do sth )

  4.比较级别 +and+比较级:越来越…(若比较级为more+形容词原级,则为:more and more形容词原级)The buildings are taller and taller. Our school is getting more and more beautiful.

  5.around the world全世界=all over the world, such as 例如

  Unit 5 Do you want to watch a game show?

  本单元的话题:谈论自己对天使节目或电影的喜好,学会表达自己的感受。

  本单元的语法:复习一般现在时。

  本单元的短语和知识点:

  1. What do you think of sth?=How dou you like sth?你认为…怎么样?

  What do you think of the movie?你认为这部电影怎么样? It is boring.很无聊。

  2.mind doing sth:介意做某事 3. news (不可数名词,消息,信息) a piece of good news一条好消息 4.learn (sth) from sb:向某人学习(某物) 5.plan to do sth:计划做某事(plan的过去式planned,现在分词planning) 6.hope to do sth:希望做某事

  8.favorite (形容词,最喜爱的)= like…best

  My favorite shows are talk shows.我最喜欢的节目是谈话节目。=I like talk shows best.

  9.expect to do sth:期待做某事 10.think of认为,想起He often thinks of his teachers. 11.in the 1930s:在二十世纪三十年代(1930年至1939年)

  10.12.one of +可数名词复数:…之一(该短语放在句首做主语时,后面的动词用单数形式)One of the students has an English dictionary.这些学生中一个人有英语字典。

  14.luck(名词,幸运,运气)—lucky(形容词,幸运的)--unlucky (形容词,不幸的)

  15.be ready to do sth乐意做某事 16.try one's best (to do sth):尽力(做某事)

  Unit6 Im going to study computer science.

  本单元的话题:谈论自己将来的计划或打算。

  本单元的语法:学习一般将来时be going to do sth。

  本单元的短语和知识点:

  1.词性转换:science (名词,科学)—scientist(名词,科学家)

  violin(名词,小提琴)--violinst(名词,小提琴家)piano(名词,钢琴)-- pianist(名词,钢琴家)2.grow up成长,长大 3.be good at+名词\代词\动词+ing:擅长… He is good at math,but he isn’t good at speaking English.他擅长数学,但是不擅长说英语。

  4.keep on doing sth: 继续做某事 5.be sure about:确信,对…有把握

  His mother isn’t sure about his study.他的妈妈对他的学习没有把握。

  6. move to +地点:搬(家)到某地 7. take singing\acting lessons上歌唱课\上表演课=have singing\acting lessons 8. send sb sth = send sth to sb寄\送给某人某物

  His grandfather often sends him money。= His grandfather often sends money to him.

  9. learn to do sth学会做某事

  10. play the piano弹钢琴 make the soccer team组建足球队 get good grades取得好的成绩 eat healthier food吃更健康的食品 get lots of exercise进行大量锻炼

  11. foreign language外国语言 12. study hard努力学习 most of the time大多数时间

  14. get back from+地点:从…回来 He will get back from Beijing in 3 days.

  at the beginning of 在…开始的时候, write down写下/记下,

  17. different kinds of不同种类的 have to do with关于,与…有关系,take up开始从事

  20. too+形容词+to do sth:太…以至于不能…

  so+形容词+that+句子:如此…以至于…

  形容词+enough to do sth:足够…能够做某事(注意三个句型有时可以互相转换)

  He is so young that he can′t go to school.他如此年轻以至于不能去上学。

  = He is too young to go to school.他太年轻了以至于不能去上学。

  = He isn′t old enough to go to school.

  22.make sb+形容词:让某人怎么样 The good news made us happy.(注意:news为不可数名词)

  23.how to do better at school为“疑问词+不定式”即“疑问词+to do sth”

  He didn’t know when to start.他不知道什么时候开始。 24.go to university去上大学

  Unit 7 Will people have robots?

  本单元的话题:谈论对未来的语言,学习一般将来时will do sth。

  本单元的语法:学习一般将来时will do sth。

  一般将来时由“助动词will / shall + 动词原型”构成,表示将来某个时间要发生的动作或存在的状态,常与表示将来的时间状语如tomorrow、next week,in 2 days(2天之后)等连用。(Shall用于第一人称,will可以用于各种人称。) (will not= won’t)

  一般疑问句:把肯定句中的will 提到句首即可。以上两句的一般疑问句为:

  Will you visit the old man next week? Yes,we will.\No, we won’t .

  否定句:把肯定句中的will 变为won’t即可。以上两句的否定句为:

  We won’t visit the old man next week. She won’t finish the work in 2 weeks.

  本单元的短语和知识点:

  1.There be结构:There be(is/are/was/were)+某物/某人+某地/某时

  “There be结构”的一般现在时:There is/are+某物/某人+某地/某时

  There are 600 students in our school.在我们学校有600个学生。

  一般过去时:There was/were+某物/某人+某地/某时 There was a school ten years ago.

  一般将来时:There will be+某物/某人+某地/某时.= There is going to be+某物/某人+某地/某时. There will be a sport meeting next week.=There is going to be a sport meeting next weeek.下周将有场运动会。 2.on computers在电脑上, on paper在纸上

  3.a few +可数名词复数:有一些、有几个 a little +不可数名词:有一些

  few +可数名词复数:几乎没有(表示否定) little+不可数名词:几乎没有(表示否定)

  many+可数名词复数:很多,许多 few 的比较级是fewer ,little的比较级是less

  much+不可数名词:很多,许多 many\much的比较级都是more

  There will be less polution in the future.在未来将会有更少的污染。(polution为不可数名词)

  We should plant more trees.我们应该种更多的树。(tree为可数名词)

  There will be fewer cars in the future.在未来将会有更少的汽车。(car为可数名词)

  4.in(great)danger在(极度)危险中on the earth在地球上save the earth拯救地球

  6.in+一段时间:在…之后(多用于一般将来时)

  He will come back in 2 days.两天之后他将回来。→How soon will he come back?多久他将回来?

  句型 There is\are sb doing sth.有某人正在做某事。 There is a cat eating fish.

  10. hundreds of+名词:成百上千的…,许多…(表示模糊数字)

  数字+ hundred +名词:几百…(表示具体数字)

  He has hundreds of book.他有很多书。He bought two hundred books.他买了二百本书。

  12.at some point: 在某些方面 free time空闲时间 in one’s free time在某人空闲时间

  Unit 8 How do you make a banana milk shake?

  本单元的话题:描述做事情的顺序和过程。(First首先,Next下面,Then然后,Finally最后)

  本单元的语法:复习一般现在时。

  本单元的短语和知识点:

  1(P57,1a) turn on打开 turn up调大

  turn off关上 turn down调小

  2. How many+可数名词复数:多少…

  How much+不可数名词:多少…

  He has eight books.他有八本书。→How many books does he have?他有多少本书?

  3. 量词的用法:不可数名词常用“数字+量词+不可数名词”来表示。如:

  a piece of bread一片面包 比较:two pieces of bread两片面包(bread为不可数名词)

  a glass of orange 一玻璃杯橘子汁 one spoon of butter 一勺黄油

  5.one more thing = another one thing 基数词 + more + 名词 = another + 基数词 + 名词:又多少某物 He ate an apple,he wanted to eat two more apples.

  7.It’s time (for sb) to do sth是某人该做某事的时间了。It’s time for us to have lunch.

  It’s time for sth是该做某事的时间了。It’s time for the class.是该上课的时候了。

  Unit 9 Can you come to my party?

  本单元的话题:学会发出、接受或拒绝邀请。 本单元的语法:复习情态动词。

  本单元的短语和知识点:

  1.on Saturday afternoon 在星期六下午,在具体哪一天的是上午、下午或晚上用on,

  2. have to 必须(后跟动词原形)He has to get up early.他必须早起。→(一般疑问句)Does he get up early? Yes,he does.\No,he doesn’t.

  (否定句)He doesn’t have to get up early.他没有必要早起。

  4. sth=want sth 想要某物 Jim would like a new pen .

  Would like to do sth=want to do sth想做某事 He’d like to watch TV.

  Would you like to do sth ? 你愿意做...?(用来提出建议或征求对方意见)

  ------would you like to go shopping with me ? 你想和我一起去买东西吗?

  ------Yes,I’d love to ,but I’m doing my homework.我想去,但是我现在正在做家庭作业。

  (=Sorry, I’m doing my homework.非常抱歉,我正在做家庭作业。)

  5.prepare for sth为…做准备 go to the doctor去看病have the flu 患流感help my parents给父母帮忙 have an exam考试

  6. until 的用法:<1>若动词为延续性动词则用肯定句式

  He studied until 21:00pm.他一直学习到晚上九点。

  <2>若动词为非延续性动词,则用not….until….(直到。。。。才。。。。)

  He didn’t go to bed until his father came back.他一直到他爸爸回来才上床睡觉。

  10.study for a math test为数学考试做准备go to the party参加聚会

  11.What’s today?今天几号?Its Monday,the 14th.今天星期一,十四号。

  补充:what day is it today?今天星期几? it’s Monday今天星期一。

  What’s the date today?今天几月几日?It’s October 20th .今天10月20日。

  12.go to the doctor去看病 have a piano lesson上钢琴课

  13.look after 照看,照料 = take care of

  She is old to look after his brother她足够大了能够照看她的弟弟。

  take good care of =look after…well好好照顾,好好照料

  We should take good care of the children.= We should look after the children well.

  感叹句的类型:

  ⑴ What a∕an+adj+可数名词单数 (+主语+谓语)!

  What +adj+可数名词复数∕不可数名词 (+主语+谓语)!

  What a fine day (it is) !多么好的天啊! (day为可数名词单数)

  What an interesting book it is !多么有趣的一本书啊!(book为可数名词单数)

  What beautiful flowers they are !多么漂亮的花啊! (flowers为可数名词复数)

  What bad weather it is!多么糟糕的天气啊!(weather为不可数名词)

  ⑵ How +adj +主语+(谓语中的)系动词! How +adv +主语+(谓语中的)实义动词!

  How happy I am!我多麽高兴啊! (happy为adj,am为系动词)

  How hard they are working !他们工作多么努力啊!(hard为adv,work为实义动词)

  点拨:陈述句改为感叹句,可以采用“一判、二定、三移”。

  一判:是判断出陈述句谓语动词后的中心词的词性(adj∕adv∕n);

  二定:是根据判断出来的结果来确定引导词(中心词为名词用What;中心词为形容词或副词用How;)

  三移:就是把主语和谓语移到后面。

  注意:在感叹句中,不得出现so,very,very much等表示程度的单词。

  例如:①Our school is beautiful .

  一判:beautiful为形容词;二定:beautiful为形容词,用How 来引导;三移:把Our school is移到How beautiful后面,即为感叹句How beautiful our school is!

  ②He is a clever boy.

  一判:boy为名词;二定:boy为名词,用What来引导;三移:把He is移到What a clever boy 后面,即为感叹句What a clever boy he is!

  ③He studies English well.

  一判:well为副词;二定:well为副词,用How 来引导;三移:把He studies移到How well后面,即为感叹句How well he studies!

  练习:将下列句子变为感叹句。①The room is very bright.

  ② We live a happy life today. ③It is a nice present.

  ④This is difficult problem. ⑤She played the piano wonderfully.

  16.)the (best) way to do sth:做某事的(最好)方法 17.thanks for+名词\V•ing:为什么而感谢 18.take a trip参加郊游,at the end of this month在本月底

  19.go back to+地点:回到某地 He will go back to Beijing in 2 days.两天后他将回北京。

  20.have a surprise party for sb为某人举办一个惊喜的晚会

  21.without+名词\代词\ V•ing:没有… He can’t finish the work without our help.(help为名词)

  He went to school without having breakfast.他没有吃早饭就去上学。(have为动词)

  24.look forward to +名词\代词\V.ing:期待,盼望

  25.hear from sb.收到某人的来信 = receive a letter from sb.

  27.the opening of… :开幕/开业 28.在具体哪一天的上午、下午、晚上用on,比较:

  in the morning在早晨 on Sunday morning在星期天的早晨 29.invite sb to +地点:邀请某人去某地(invite -- invitation ) invite sb to do sth 邀请某人做某事

  31.reply to sth / sb:回答某事/回答某人 go shopping 购物,do homework做家庭作业

  Unit 10 If you go to the party, you’ll have a great time!

  本单元的话题:谈论事情可能的结果。 。

  本单元的语法:在条件状语从句中,用一般现在时表示将来——即主将从现。

  If you go to the party, we will have a great time

  从句(一般现在时) (主句一般将来时)

  解释:在条件状语从句,时间状语从句中,若主句用一般将来时,从句则用一般现在时表示将来-------简称主将从现

  If it is fine tomorrow,I’ll visit shanghai

  区分:宾语从句若主句为一般现在时,从句可以根据需要用任何时态

  I think I”ll finish the work in 2 days. 我认为我在两天内将完成这项工作。

  主句(一般现在时) 宾语从句

  填空:I think she (come)here tomorrow. If he (come )here,I (call)you.

  本单元的短语和知识点:

  1.have a great /good time 玩的开心 stay at home呆在家里take the bus乘公交车,go to the party参加晚会 tomorrow night明天晚上 talk about sth谈论某事 have a class party开班级晚会 have a class meeting 开班会

  6.plan to do sth计划做某They are planning to go shopping.他们正在计划购物。 7.(P74,2b)half the class 全班一半人,make some food 做食物

  8.ask sb. to do sth 请某人做某事My parents often ask me to study hard.

  ask sb. not to do sth 请某人不要做某事 My techer often asks us not to be late.

  10.too+形容词+to do sth:太…以至于不能…

  so+形容词+that+句子:如此…以至于…

  形容词+enough to do sth:足够…能够做某事(注意三个句型常常可以互换转换)

  He is so young that he can′t go to school.他如此年轻以至于不能去上学。

  = He is too young to go to school.他太年轻了以至于不能去上学。

  = He isn′t old enough to go to school.

  11.tell sb. to do sth 高速某人做某事 tell sb. not to do sth 告诉某人不要做某事

  12.give sb some advice给某人建议/劝告 (adivce为不可数名词)

  13.travel around the world 周游世界, go to college 上大学,

  make(a lot of)money 挣钱, get an education接受教育 ,

  14.)work hard 努力工作,a soccer player 一个足球运动员

  15.talk to sb.与某人谈话,keep…to oneself 把…留给自己/独处

  16.have problems with sth:在某方面有困难 have problems (in)doing sth:做方面有困难 (2个句型常常可以互换)

  She has problems with English.她在学习英语方面有困难。

  = She has problems (in) learning English.她学习英语有困难。

  17.unless=if…not如果…不 Unless it is sunny tomorrow,I won’t go shopping.=If it isn’t sunny tomorrow,I won’t go shopping.

  18.be afraid to do sth:不敢做某事be afraid of sth:害怕某物

  19.21.be angry with sb生某人的气He is angry with his son.他在生他儿子的气。

  be angry about\at sth 因某事而生气He is angry about\at his work.他因为工作生气。

  22.make mistakes犯错误 23.remember to do sth记着去做某事(事情还未做)

  remember doing sth记着已经做过某事(事情做完,但是还记着)

  Please remember to close the door when you leave.当你离开的时候记着关上门。(门还未关).

  He remembered closing the door.他记着已经关上门了。(门已经关上)

  24.advise sb to do sth劝说某人做某事 advise sb doing建议提议做某事。

  25.It’s best (not)to do sth. 最好(不要)做某事 solve a problem解决难题

  26.run away from逃避Don’t run away from your problems. solve a problem解决难题

  30.agree with sb:同意某人(的看法、意见、观点等)31.worry about 担心 =be worried about

 

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